NEWFAMSTRAT tackles a significant social puzzle: why the increase in gender equality in paid and unpaid work beginning in the 1960s seems to have stalled in most countries by the 1990s. We believe this gender “revolution” continues, but the pockets of progress and specific barriers must be located by unpacking within-gender differences in effects at individual, couple, and employer levels.
The objective of NEWFAMSTRAT is therefore to map the contributions of individual, couple, and employer dynamics to within-gender differences in employment, earnings, and domestic divisions predicted by partnership and parenthood, and to compare these effects across the contrasting gender, labour market, and welfare regimes in Finland, Germany, and the UK.
To achieve this objective, NEWFAMSTRAT will carry out four sub-projects answering the following inter-related research questions:
- How does the impact of partnership and parenthood vary across British, Finnish, and German women’s and men’s wage distributions? What does the variation indicate about sources of economic inequalities among and between women and men?
- What is the relationship between individual and household unpaid domestic work and partnership or parental wage effects? Do these effects differ across British and German women’s and men’s wage distributions? Does the impact of relative equity in paid and unpaid work on couple stability vary across individual and/or household earnings distributions?
- How do employer hiring preferences vary at the intersection of gender, class, and parenthood in Finland, Germany, and the UK?
- What do between- and within-gender differences in occupational paths and wage effects within firms indicate about the role of employers in structuring gender-class-family wage inequalities in Finland and Germany?
The research aims to extend theoretical understanding of gender inequalities, as well as provide insights for developing more effective policies for reducing inequalities at the intersection of gender and class.